Snake venom hemorrhagins: neutralization by commercial antivenoms
Mebs, D.; Pohlmann, S.; Von Tenspolde, W.
Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology 26(5): 453-458
One monovalent (habu-antivenom) and five polyvalent antivenoms (Crotalidae; Orient, North, Central and South Africa) were tested for their ability to neutralize the hemorrhagic activity of 12 snake venoms (Agkistrodon, Bothrops, Crotalus, Sistrurus, Trimeresurus, Bitis, Echis spp.) when mixed prior to injection into the hind leg of mice. Considerable cross-neutralization was observed: antivenoms prepared against African snake venoms were equally or more potent in neutralizing the hemorrhagic activity of Crotalidae venoms. The same applies to Crotalidae antivenom which neutralized the activity of African snake venoms. Anti-hemorrhagic antibodies were isolated from a polyvalent antivenom by affinity chromatography using purified hemorrhagins from Bitis arietans and Crotalus adamanteus venom as ligands. These antibodies neutralized the activity of both hemorrhagins indicating common antigenic determinants in these molecules.