Somatic hybridization of sexually incompatible petunias: Petunia parodii, Petunia parviflora

Power, J.B.; Berry, S.F.; Chapman, J.V.; Cocking, E.C.

Tag. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik 57(1): 1-4

1980


ISSN/ISBN: 0040-5752
PMID: 24302358
DOI: 10.1007/bf00276001
Accession: 006437520

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Abstract
Somatic hybrid plants were regenerated following the fusion of leaf mesophyll protoplasts of P. parodii with those isolated from a nuclear-albino mutant of P. parviflora. Attempts at sexual hybridization of these two species repeatedly failed thus confirming their previously established cross-incompatibility. Selection of somatic hybrid plants was possible since protoplasts of P. parodii would not develop beyond the cell colony stage, whilst those of the somatic hybrid and albino P. parviflora produced calluses. Green somatic hybrid calluses were visible against a background of albino cells/calluses, and upon transfer to regeneration media gave rise to shoots. Shoots and the resultant flowering plants were confirmed as somatic hybrids based on their growth habit, floral pigmentation and morphology, leaf hair structure, chromosome number and Fraction 1 protein profiles. The relevance of such hybrid material for the development of new, and extensively modified cultivars, is discussed.

Somatic hybridization of sexually incompatible petunias: Petunia parodii, Petunia parviflora