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Specificity of tyrosine protein kinases of the structurally related receptors for insulin and insulin like growth factor i tyrosine containing synthetic polymers as specific inhibitors or substrates


, : Specificity of tyrosine protein kinases of the structurally related receptors for insulin and insulin like growth factor i tyrosine containing synthetic polymers as specific inhibitors or substrates. Archives of Biochemistry & Biophysics 260(1): 416-426

The receptors for insulin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF) I are structurally similar transmembrane proteins. Ligand binding to the extracellular domain of the receptor stimulates its cytoplasmic tyrosine protein kinase which phosphorylates its own .beta. subunit as well as exogenous substrates. It is believed, from several lines of evidence, that tyrosine-specific protein kinases are mediating some or all of the actions of insulin (or IGF-I). In order to gain insights into the substrate specificity of the structurally related insulin and IGF-I receptor kinases, we have studied the action of highly purified receptors isolated from human placental membranes. Present studies using selected tyrosine-containing polymers have revealed: (i) Polymers such as (Y,A,E)n and (Y-A-E)n inhibit .beta. subunit autophosphorylation and exogenous substrate phosphorylation by autophosphorylated receptors. (ii) Insulin receptor kinase is at least 10 times more sensitive to these inhibitors than IGF-I receptor kinase. (iii) (Y-A-E)n is .apprx. 8 times more potent an inhibitor than (Y,A,E)n toward both receptors. (iv) While (E4, Y1)n and (E6,A3,Y1)n are good substrates for both receptor kinases, the ratio of phosphate incorporation into the former to the latter is characteristically high (.apprx. 4) for the IGF-I receptor and low (.apprx. 1) for the insulin receptor. These results imply that the substrate specificity and enzymatic action of these two receptor kinases are distinct.

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