EurekaMag.com logo
+ Site Statistics
References:
52,725,316
Abstracts:
28,411,598
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Specificity of velocity in strength training


European Journal of Applied Physiology & Occupational Physiology 52(1): 104-106
Specificity of velocity in strength training
Male volunteers (21; ages 23-25 yr) were tested pre- and post training for maximal knee extension power at 5 specific speeds (1.05, 2.09, 3.14, 4.19 and 5.24 rad .cntdot. s-1) with an isokinetic dynamometer. Subjects were assigned randomly to 1 of 3 experimental groups; group S, training at 1.05 rad .cntdot. s-1 (n = 8), group I, training at 3.14 rad .cntdot. s-1 (n = 8) or group F, training at 5.24 rad .cntdot. s-1 (n = 5). Subjects trained the knee extensors by performing 10 maximal voluntary efforts in group S, 30 in group I and 50 in group F 6 times/wk for 8 wk. Though group S showed significant increases in power at all test speeds, the percent increment decreased with test speed from 24.8% at 1.05 rad .cntdot. s-1 to 8.6% at 5.24 rad .cntdot. s-1. Group I showed almost similar increment in power (18.5-22.4) at all test speeds except at 2.09 rad .cntdot. s-1(15.4%). Group F enhanced power only at faster test speeds (23.9% at 4.19 rad .cntdot. s-1 and 22.8% at 5.24 rad .cntdot. s-1).

Accession: 006459183

PMID: 6686117

DOI: 10.1007/bf00429034

Download PDF Full Text: Specificity of velocity in strength training



Related references

Specificity of training velocity and training load on gains in isokinetic knee joint strength. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 156(2): 123-129, 1996

The effect of concentric isokinetic strength training on mechanomyography and muscle strength across the velocity spectrum. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 33(5 Supplement): S333, May, 2001

Effects of moderate-velocity strength training on peak muscle power and movement velocity: do women respond differently than men?. Journal of Applied Physiology 99(5): 1712-1718, 2005

Internal vs external velocity Effects of strength training protocols on velocity-specific adaptations and human skeletal muscle variables. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 33(5 Supplement): S264, May, 2001

Force-velocity analysis of strength-training techniques and load: implications for training strategy and research. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 17(1): 148-155, 2003

Angular Specificity and Test Mode Specificity of Isometric and lsokinetic Strength Training *. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy 5(2): 58-65, 1983

Effects of unilateral isometric strength training on joint angle specificity and cross-training. European Journal Of Applied Physiology & Occupational Physiology. 70(4): 337-343, 1995

The effect of a unilateral isometric strength training program on joint angle specificity and cross-training. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 26(5 SUPPL ): S188, 1994

Increased velocity exercise specific to task training versus the National Institute on Aging's strength training program: changes in limb power and mobility. Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 64(9): 983-991, 2009

Strength training at high versus low external resistance in older adults: effects on muscle volume, muscle strength, and force-velocity characteristics. Experimental Gerontology 48(11): 1351-1361, 2014