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Speckled particulate epidermal nuclear immuno globulin g deposition in normal skin correlation of clinical features and laboratory findings in 46 patients with a subset of connective tissue disease characterized by antibody to extractable nuclear antigen


, : Speckled particulate epidermal nuclear immuno globulin g deposition in normal skin correlation of clinical features and laboratory findings in 46 patients with a subset of connective tissue disease characterized by antibody to extractable nuclear antigen. Archives of Dermatology 114(5): 705-710

Clinical and laboratory findings were correlated from 46 patients with Ig[immunoglobulin]G localization in epidermal nuclei in a speckled (particulate) pattern on direct immunofluorescence of normal skin. Cutaneous manifestations included lupus erythematosus (LE), swollen hands or sclerodactyly, alopecia, vasculitis and dyspigmentation. Systemic manifestations included arthritis or arthralgia, Raynaud's phenomenon, serositis, vascular headaches, mild renal disease, myositis and sicca syndrome. High titer (mean = 1:142, 800) serum antibody to extractable nuclear antigen (ENA) was found in 81%. Eighty-six percent had antibody to an RNase-sensitive antigenic component of ENA (ribonucleoprotein or RNP); 14% had antibody to an RNase-resistant ENA termed Sm. Deposition of IgG in a speckled pattern in epidermal nuclei is an immunopathologic marker for a subset of connective tissue disease characterized by antibody to ENA. Those with Sm specificity had systemic LE (SLE). Those with RNP specificity had Raynaud's phenomenon usually associated with overlapping features of SLE, scleroderma and/or dermatomyositis.

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