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Spectral evidence for a flavine adduct in a mono alkylated derivative of pig heart lipo amide dehydrogenase

, : Spectral evidence for a flavine adduct in a mono alkylated derivative of pig heart lipo amide dehydrogenase. Journal of Biological Chemistry 251(23): 7726-7728

A derivative of the flavoprotein pig heart lipoamide dehydrogenase has been described recently, in which 1 of the 2 cysteine residues generated on reduction of the intrachain active center disulfide bridge is selectively alkylated with iodoacetamide. This monolabeled enzyme exhibits a spectrum of oxidized bound flavin. The addition of 1 mM NAD+ to this derivative at pH 8.3 causes a decrease in absorbance of approximately 50% at 448 nm, with a concomitant increase at 380 nm. These spectral changes are complete within 3 ms and are reversible. NAD+ titrations generate isosbestic points at 408, 374 and 327 nm; allowing values for the apparent dissociation constant for NAD+ and the extent of bleaching at infinite ligand to be obtained from double reciprocal plots. Between pH 6.1 and 8.8, the apparent Kd decreases from 320-35 .mu.M, whereas the extrapolated .DELTA.epsilon.448 values remain approximately constant at 1/2 .epsilon.448. Direct measurement of NAD+ binding by gel filtration at pH 8.8 indicates that the spectral changes are associated with a stoichiometry of 1.2 mol of NAD+ bound/2 mol of FAD. The modified protein is a dimer containing 1 FAD and 1 alkylated cysteine residue/subunit; the native enzyme is also dimeric. The visible spectrum of the species absorbing at 380 nm, approximated by correction for the residual oxidized FAD, shows a single maximum at 384 nm, .epsilon.384 = 8.7 mM-1cm-1. Comparison of this spectrum with that of model compounds of known structure suggests that it may represent a reversible covalent flavin adduct induced on binding NAD+.

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