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Spectrophotometric analysis of alkaloids with picrolonic acid

, : Spectrophotometric analysis of alkaloids with picrolonic acid. Journal - Association of Official Analytical Chemists 59(3): 683-688

The spectroscopic characteristics of the interaction of alkaloids with picrolonic acid were studied. In solvents of low and intermediate polarity, the presence of alkaloids caused a red shift of the 322 nm band of nonionized picrolonic acid to 355 nm, corresponding to the anionic resonance band. There was also a considerable increase in absorptivity, which was dependent on both the basicity (pKa) and molar concentration of the alkaloid present. Arylamines, aromatic N-heterocycles, and alkaloids lacking an aliphatic amine moiety did not show observable shifts. The interaction was developed into a spectrophotometric assay for the following alkaloids in pharmaceutical preparations: atropine, ephedrine, codeine, emetine, quinine, and strychnine. The method is sensitive to 2 mug alkaloid/ml, with an accuracy of not equal to 1.5% and a standard deviation of not equal to 1.05 - 1.31%.

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Accession: 006460177

PMID: 1270400

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