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Spectrum of rectal radiation lesions in cases of cervical cancer part 2

Spectrum of rectal radiation lesions in cases of cervical cancer part 2

Indian Journal of Cancer 15(1): 36-38

The present study was done in 70 cases of cervical carcinoma showing varying degrees of proctitis following radiotherapy. Grossly, the rectal mucosa showed edema, congestion, granular proctitis, ulceration, and microscopically, stromal connective tissue as well as epithelial changes were seen. The stromal changes were emphasized as useful diagnostic criteria of radiation reaction. The familiarity of these changes is considered necessary because it is imperative to know categorically that a given lesion is entirely or in part due to radiation or extension of adjacent tumor in the cervix. This issue is important in the management of human cervical cancer. The criteria of distinguishing the lesions in the rectal tissue were presented.

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