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Speech waveform envelope cues for consonant recognition


Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 82(4): 1152-1161
Speech waveform envelope cues for consonant recognition
This study investigated the cues for consonant recognition that are available in the time- intensity envelope of speech. Twelve normal-hearing subjects listened to three sets of spectrally identical noise stimuli created by multiplying noise with the speech envelopes of 19 /aCa/ natural-speech nonsense syllables. The speech envelope for each of the three noise conditions was derived using a different low-pass filter cutoff (20, 200, and 2000 Hz). Average consonant identification performance was above chance for the three noise conditions and improved significantly with the increase in envelope bandwidth from 20-200 Hz SINDSCAL multidimensional scaling analysis of the consonant confusions data identified three speech envelope features that divided the 19 consonants into fur envelope feature groups ("envemes"). The enveme groups in combination with visually distinctive speech feature groupings ("visemes") can distinguish most of the 19 consonants. These results suggest that near-perfect consonant identification performance could be attained by subjects who receive only enveme and viseme information and no spectral information.

Accession: 006461502

PMID: 3680774

DOI: 10.1121/1.395251

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