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Studies in south america of arthropods on the salvinia auriculata complex of floating ferns and their effect on salvinia molesta



Studies in south america of arthropods on the salvinia auriculata complex of floating ferns and their effect on salvinia molesta



Bulletin of Entomological Research 74(4): 609-622



Insects [of the orders Coleoptera, Collembola, Diptera, Homoptera, Heteroptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera and Orthoptera] and mites associated with each species in the S. auriculata complex [composed of S. auriculata, S. biloba, S. herzogii and S. molesta] were recorded in Trinidad, Venezuela, Guyana, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay and Argentina. There was a consistent pattern of herbivore-plant association throughout the range of the complex. Field studies showed that 3 insects, the curculionid Cyrtobagous sp., the pyralid Samea multiplicalis gen. nov. and the pauliniid Paulinia acuminata (Deg.), together contained Salvinia molesta at a density slightly below the carrying capacity of the environment in coastal areas of Brazil.

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