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Studies on control of bancroftian filariasis by common salt medicated with diethylcarbamazine on kinmen quemoy islands taiwan 6. the final report on filariasis control with emphasis on filariasis control methods



Studies on control of bancroftian filariasis by common salt medicated with diethylcarbamazine on kinmen quemoy islands taiwan 6. the final report on filariasis control with emphasis on filariasis control methods



National Science Council Monthly 11(12 Part 3): 1489-1510



Follow-up observations on filariasis control by DEC [diethylcarbamazine] medicated salt in Kinmen Proper and Little Kinmen were carried out 5 and 8 yr after control. No microfilarial (mf) carriers were found by the nuclepore membrane filtration technique (NMFT) among 743 pre-control mf carriers (PCMC) and 3049 high school students. Clinical survey of 740 PCMC, showed a lower rate after control (13%) than before (20%) the reduction was 33%. Of 148 clinical cases examined physically, 53% showed no change, 35% had no disease, 9% improved, 2% had relapses and 1.4% had worsened. Before the filariasis control program started, infection rate was 8.4% in man and 10.3% in mosquito on Kinmen Proper. After control (3 yr) by combination method, the figures were 0.7% and 0.3% respectively. Pre- control, infection rate on Little Kinmen was 9.6% in man and 9.1% in mosquito. One year after control by DEC coated salt, the figures were 0% in both man and mosquito. On Kinmen Proper where the combination method was used, the medication rate was 89%, cure rate 84%, reaction rate 62%, and 63 workers were involved. In Little Kinmen, where only DEC medicated salt was given as domestic kichen salt replacment, the corresponding figures were 100%, 100%, 0% and 8, respectively. The per capita cost was higher in Kinmen Proper than in Little Kinmen. The DEC medicated salt is not only the preventive agent, but also simple, rapid, safe and cheap.

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