Studies on myco flora of salt marshes in egypt part 1 sugar fungi
Abdel-Fattah, H.M.; Moubasher, A.H.; Abdel-Hafez, S.I.
Mycopathologia 61(1): 19-26
ISSN/ISBN: 0301-486X Accession: 006509918
Thirty-four genera, 92 spp., and 2 varieties of Aspergillus nidulans, were isolated from 74 soil samples collected from different localities of salt marshes in Egypt. Aspergillus (17 spp. and 2 varieties of A. nidulans) and Penicillium (17 spp.) were of high occurrence, from which A. niger, A. fumigatus, A. terreus and P. notatum were dominant. Five genera were of moderate occurrence and these were Cladosporium, Fusarium, Alternaria, Mucor and Rhizopus. Nine genera were of low occurrence, i.e., Drechslera, ?Trimmatostroma, Paecilomyces, Stachybotrys, Cephalosporium, Humicola, Botryotrichum, ?Geolegnia and Scopulariopsis. Statistical analyses reveal that soil samples poor in total fungi were significantly higher in total soluble salts, Na and K content than samples with numerous fungi. The difference in organic matter content between poor and rich samples was non-significant. In newly reclaimed fields along the borders of salt marshes Fusarium was the most numerous fungal genera from soil, followed by Aspergillus; Cladosporium was completely absent. Comparison between the present results and those of other studies showed that there is no fungal flora characteristic of salt marshes.