Studies on the essential oils of the pakistani species of the family umbelliferae part 8 carum carvi caraway kala zira oil of the mature and immature seeds and the whole immature plant

Karim, A.; Ashraf, M.; Pervez, M.; Bhatty, M.K.

Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research 20(2): 100-102

1977


ISSN/ISBN: 0030-9885
Accession: 006516366

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Abstract
The essential oil of C. carvi Linn, distilled from the mature seed, immature seed and whole plant of the Pakistani origin in 3.5, 6.7 and 0.52% yield, respectively, was characterized for the first time. In the order of the 3 materials it contains .alpha.-pinene (0.3, 0.9 and 0.2%), camphene (0, 1.5 and 0.3%) .beta.-pinene (0.9, 1.0 and 0.2%), myrcene (0.6, 2.7 and 1.5%), .DELTA.3-carene (0, 0.3 and 1.0%), limonene (26.2, 30.2 and 4.2%), .gamma.-terpinene (1.8, 23.6 and 2.7%), p-cymene (2.1, .5.6 and 0.3%), dl-cadinene (0, 0 and 37.2%), myristicin (0.7, 0.2 and 1.2%), mixture of carveol acetate and dihydrocarveol acetate (0, 0.3 and 1.1%), dihydrocarvone (2.5, 0.8 and 2.3%), carvone (58.3, 31.4) and 31.2%), terpinene-4-ol (0, 0 and 1.2%), dihydrocarveol (1.2, 1.2 and 9.5%), perillyl alcohol (0, 0 and 1.6%) and carveol (4.1, 0.4 and 2.2%). The caraway oil from the plants grown in Pakistan is similar to that produced in other countries.