Studies on the feeding of cattle with whole crop silage of rice plant 1. harvesting method of rice plant for preparing whole crop silage and preparing method of silage

Matsui, N.; Ueyama, Y.; Akita, K.; Ozaki, T.; Nanjyo, I.; Ishida, K.; Nishimura, I.; Okamoto, T.; Kawamura, T.; Et-Al

Science Reports of Faculty of Agriculture Kobe University 14(2): 293-302


Accession: 006516638

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The effects of the seeding rate and the preparing method of silage on the quality of silage, the paddy rice, cv. Kinmaze was investigated. The seeding rate was 8, 16 and 32 kg/10 acre. The farm operating systems for harvesting rice plants as whole crop cilage were investigated using a forage harvester and a head feeding type combine. The farm operating systems using the head feeding type combine were classified into 4 groups according to with or no threshing and using a packing or combine cutter. The number of culms per unit area and leaf area per unit area increased with a increase of the seeding rate. The length of culm and ear increased with a decrease of the seeding rate. The yield of rice plants per unit area was not significantly different among the seeding rate. No consistent effects of the seeding rate and the preparing method of silage on the chemical composition of the silage were observed. The rice plants harvested with the combine produced a good silage by drying them before storing into the silo. The rice plants harvested by the forage harvester produced a good silage. The baling treatment before storing did not give a good silage. The farm operating loss was .apprx. 30-40%, which was thought to result from the loss of blower and choking. The farm operating efficiency was in a range of 40-80%.