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Studies on the migration of basophilic leukocytes at the sites of allergic reactions part 3 appearance of basophilic leukocytes at the sites of late and delayed skin reactions



Studies on the migration of basophilic leukocytes at the sites of allergic reactions part 3 appearance of basophilic leukocytes at the sites of late and delayed skin reactions



Okayama Igakkai Zasshi 89(11-12): 1475-1486



The appearance of basophils and eosinophils at the sites of late or delayed skin reactions was examined in 34 bronchial asthmatics. Using guinea pigs, basophils at the site of cutaneous basophil hypersensitivity were observed with EM. The numbers of basophils and eosinophils increased significantly at the sites of positive delayed skin reactions to PPD [purified protein derivative] and various allergens. The above phenomenon was much more conspicuous and significant at the sites of positive late reactions than of negative ones. The appearance of basophils showed 2 peaks, i.e., at 30 min and 6 h after intradermal allergen injection. The appearance of eosinophils peaked at 6 h. In cutaneous basophil hypersensitivity, migrating basophils and eosinophils were observed around the blood vessels in the hypodermis of guinea pigs. EM observations demonstrated that basophils showing exocytotic degranulations were sometimes phagocytized by macrophages.

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