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Studies on the strains of tobacco mosaic virus isolated from tomato plants 2. a strain of tobacco mosaic virus characterized by bright yellow mosaic symptom on tomato plant



Studies on the strains of tobacco mosaic virus isolated from tomato plants 2. a strain of tobacco mosaic virus characterized by bright yellow mosaic symptom on tomato plant



Bulletin of the Vegetable and Ornamental Crops Research Station Series A (7): 163-172



This symptom sometimes followed systemic necrosis. EM examination and inoculation to a series of differential hosts revealed that the causal virus was tobacco mosaic virus (TMV). Three isolates, Yaizu No. 1, Yaizu No. 2 and Yaizu No. 3, from the affected tomato plants were identified as Pelham's strain 1 or Ohio strain III on the basis of their reaction to the differential varieties of tomato, i.e., a susceptible variety and homozygous resistant varieties carrying Tm, Tm-2 and Tm-2a genes. They were similar to yellow mosaic strain or aucuba strain of TMV, because they produced the characteristic yellow mosaic symptom on tomato plants. Yaizu No. 1 isolate induced local lesions without systemic mosaic symptoms on Nicotiana tabacum 'Bright Yellow' and 'White Burley', and N. sylvestris, TMV-OM produced systemic mosaic symptoms on these plants. Yaizu No. 1 isolate was thought to be a tomato strain of TMV on the basis of the reaction to N. tabacum 'Bright Yellow' and 'White Burley' and N. sylvestris although the isolate produced local lesions on the inoculated leaves of Phaseolus vulgaris 'Ohtebo', Vicia faba and Petunia hybrida.

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