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Studies on the uptake of carbon 14 amino acids derived from both dietary carbon 14 protein and dietary carbon 14 amino acids by rainbow trout salmo gairdneri richardson



Studies on the uptake of carbon 14 amino acids derived from both dietary carbon 14 protein and dietary carbon 14 amino acids by rainbow trout salmo gairdneri richardson



Journal of Fish Biology 33(2): 293-306



Previous studies have shown that rainbow trout fed on diets containing whole protein have superior growth rates compared to fish fed on diets of similar amino acid composition but containing a high proportion of free amino acids. The influence of several nutritional factors on the uptake of radioactivity from food pellets containing either [U-14C] protein or [U-14C]amino acids into the systemic blood of trout has been investigated. The time taken for radioactivity in the free amino acids fraction of blood to reach a peak after a meal containing [U-14C] protein had been given was much shorter, and the level of radioactivity in the blood higher, in trout with almost empty stomachs than in fish with almost full stomachs; uptake of radioactivity into blood amino acids was also more rapid and reached much higher concentrations when pellets containing [U-14C] amino acids were fed than when [U-14C] protein was fed. Incorporation of radioactivity into blood protein continued for a much longer period and reached higher levels when a pellet containing [U-14C] protein was fed than when a pellet containing [U-14C] amino acids was fed. Previous dietary history (low or high protein intake) did not appear to affect the rate of absorption of amino acids from either protein or free amino acid pellets. The uptake rates from pellets containing free amino acids could be slowed by mixing the dietary amino acids with albumin. The distribution, post-absorption, of radioactivity in the different fractions of blood and liver suggested that incorporation of carbon residues into glycogen and lipid from an amino acids diet was greater than from a protein diet. The converse was true of incorporation of radioactivity into tissue protein.

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