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Studies on ticks of veterinary importance in nigeria 4. microscopic observations on embryonic development of eggs of some ticks


Studies on ticks of veterinary importance in nigeria 4. microscopic observations on embryonic development of eggs of some ticks



Insect Science and its Application 3(2-3): 219-226



The structure and size of the eggs and layers of eggshells of 7 ticks of veterinary importance in Nigeria were studied. The ticks included Amblyomma variegatum, Boophilus decoloratus, B. geigyii, Hyalomma impressum, H. impeltatum, H. truncatum and H. rufipes. The embryonic development of the eggs from the day of oviposition to hatching was studied. The freshly laid egg was found to possess 10 protuberances, and the biggest of them are the anterior and posterior ones. The eggs of A. variegatum were the longest, and those of H. truncatum the shortest. The eggshell of all the species is 2-layered on one lateral side and 3-layered on the other, the middle layer originating from the anterior and posterior protuberances. Several phases of embryonic development are described. The major difference between the embryonic development of the eggs of A. variegatum and that of the others is that there are always phases during which the egg becomes canoe-shaped and later folds back to the normal egg shape. Eggs of B. decoloratus occasionally developed this way as well as those of some Hyalomma spp. when incubated at 37.degree. C. The period of accomplishment of each phase of development was shortened by high temperatures. Observations on the occlusion periods of various types of eggs showed that the very small eggs would not hatch into larvae. The relevance of these observations to field tick control is highlighted, while the necessity of following up these studies with EM views of some aspects of the results is stressed.

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Studies on ticks of veterinary importance in Nigeria. IV. Microscopic observations on embryonic development of eggs of some ticks. Insect science and its application(2-3): 219-226, 1982

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