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Sub soil chiseling and slip plowing effects on soil properties and wheat grown on a stratified fine sandy soil



Sub soil chiseling and slip plowing effects on soil properties and wheat grown on a stratified fine sandy soil



Agronomy Journal 68(1): 36-39



Conventional soil disking to 20 cm depth was compared with 2 subsoil chiseling to 90 cm and 2 slip plowing treatments. Subsoil chiseling was on 1-m centers in 1 and in 2 directions, and slip plowing was on 2-m centers in 1 or 2 directions. The 2 directions of deep tillage were at right angles to each other. Significant increases in wheat [Triticum aestivum] yield resulted from deep tillage. Grain yield (metric tons/ha) were 4.50 for disking, 5.15 for subsoil chiseling in 2 directions, 5.73 for slip plowing 1 direction, and 6.32 for slip plowing in 2 directions. Along the silts formed by the subsoil and slip plow as compared with areas between slits or areas disked only stratified sandy soil layers were more disturbed, root and shoot growth and water intake rate were significantly increased, soil strength significantly decreased, and bulk density decreased in some layers but not in others. Following subsoil chiseling and slip plowing of the fine sandy soils in Imperial Valley [California, USA] reduction in soil strength apparently enhanced root penetration in the soil.

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