Section 7
Chapter 6,543

Superficial fluoride levels and response to in-vitro caries-like lesion induction of enamel from Bristol (U.K.) and Birmingham (U.K.) human deciduous teeth

Tyler, J.E.; Poole, D.F.; Stack, M.V.; Dowell, T.B.

Archives of Oral Biology 31(4): 201-204


ISSN/ISBN: 0003-9969
PMID: 3459409
Accession: 006542471

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Surface enamel fluoride levels were measured in deciduous canine teeth from Bristol, with non-fluoridated water supplies, and Birmingham, with fluoridated water supplies. Three populations studied were from Bristol (teeth shed before 1960), Bristol (after 1975) and Birmingham (after 1975). Up to 75 .mu.m from the enamel surface, fluoride concentrations of post-1975 Bristol and Birmingham teeth were, respectively, .times. 1.3 and 3.4 greater than those of pre-1960 Bristol teeth. The increase in the Bristol teeth is presumably due mainly to the increased use of fluoride-containing toothpastes, that in Birmingham to fluoridated water plus the use of fluoride toothpastes. No difference in the rates of penetration into enamel of acid-gel induced, caries-like lesions were found between the two Bristol populations; Birmingham teeth showed a reduction of 10 per cent in penetration rate. It is suggested that raised fluoride levels in surface enamel do not reduce solubility sufficiently to account, by themselves, for the recent nationwide marked reduction in caries in children. Possibly, the raising of plaque fluoride levels is a more important factor, affecting demineralization, remineralization and bacterial activity.

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