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Surface activity following natural surfactant treatment in premature lambs



Surface activity following natural surfactant treatment in premature lambs



Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology 51(2): 306-312



Premature lambs with respiratory failure [CO2 partial pressure (PCO2) greater than 70 Torr] were treated with 50 mg/kg 3H-labeled natural surfactant by tracheal instillation. Minimum surface tensions of sequential samples suctioned from the airways fell from 25 +/- 3 dyn/cm before treatment to 8 +/- 5 dyn/cm after treatment and again rose to 32 +/- 2 dyn/cm at death. Minimum surface tensions of alveolar wash samples taken at death were 27 +/- 4 dyn/cm, whereas surfactant fractions reisolated from the alveolar washes lowered surface tension to under 10 dyn/cm. The alveolar washes, surfactant reisolated from the alveolar washes, and natural surfactant had similar phospholipid compositions; however, the alveolar washes contained about 40 times more protein per micromole phosphatidylcholine. The natural surfactant used for treatment apparently was inactivated by an inhibitor of surfactant function. After intravenous injections of [14C]palmitic acid, labeled saturated phosphatidylcholine appeared on the airways, indicating endogenous synthesis and secretion. However, the specific activity of the 3H-labeled saturated phosphatidylcholine in the natural surfactant used for treatment decreased by only 30 +/- 4% in the alveolar wash; thus the treatment dose was not diluted to a large extent by endogenous pools.

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Accession: 006546412

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PMID: 6894916



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