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Surface circulation of the indian ocean during the last glacial maximum approximately 18000 years before the present






Quaternary Research (Orlando) 14(3): 309-336

Surface circulation of the indian ocean during the last glacial maximum approximately 18000 years before the present

A seasonal reconstruction of the Indian Ocean during the last glacial maximum (.apprx. 18,000 yr B.P.) reveals that its surface circulation and sea surface temperature patterns were significantly different from the modern Indian Ocean. This reconstruction is based on the planktonic foraminiferal biogeography and estimated sea surface temperatures in 42 Indian Ocean samples. Compared to modern conditions, the polar front was 5-10.degree. latitude further north during the last glacial maximum; the Subtropical Convergence was 2-5.degree. latitude further north. The West Australian Current was more intense as part of the West Wind Drift was deflected northward along the coast of Australia. The Agulhas Current was cooler and weaker during the summer and more saline and subtropical during the winter. The low latitudes underwent little temperature change. The western Arabian Sea was warmer, which implies less upwelling and a weaker Southwest Monsoon. The Indian Ocean was 1.9.degree. C cooler in Feb. and 1.7.degree. C cooler in Aug. during the last glacial maximum.

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Accession: 006546783



Related references

Surface circulation of the Indian Ocean during the last glacial maximum, approximately 18,000 yr B.P. Quaternary Research 14(3): 309-336, 1980

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