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Systemic and regional hemodynamic effects of cyclo-oxygenase and thromboxane synthetase inhibition in normal and hyperdynamic endotoxemic rabbits

, : Systemic and regional hemodynamic effects of cyclo-oxygenase and thromboxane synthetase inhibition in normal and hyperdynamic endotoxemic rabbits. Circulatory Shock 26(1): 41-57

We tested the hypothesis that prostaglandins (PGs) and thromboxane (Tx) A2 are important mediators of the hemodynamic derangements occurring in a rabbit model of hyperdynamic endotoxicosis. Rabbits were injected with either normal saline (NS) or Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 1-3 micrograms/kg) and studied 6 hr later. Cardiac index (CI) and regional blood flow were determined using thermodilution and radioactive microspheres, respectively. Systemic and regional hemodynamics were determined before and 40 min after administering indomethacin (cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor; 5 mg/kg), UK38485 (Tx synthetase inhibitor; 10 mg/kg), or NS. LPS increased CI (P = .0024) and decreased mean arterial pressure (P = .0031) and systemic vascular resistance index (P = .0001). LPS increased flow to the heart and small intestine and decreased flow to the hepatic artery and pancreas. The systemic and regional hemodynamic effects of indomethacin were similar in NS- and LPS-treated rabbits. UK38485 decreased perfusion of skeletal muscle and diaphragm in both endotoxemic and control animals. This agent increased splenic perfusion only in NS-treated rabbits. Plasma levels of 6-keto PGF1 alpha (PGI2 metabolite) were typically undetectable in both NS- and LPS-treated rabbits. These data do not support the hypothesis that PG's or TxA2 are major determinants of the hemodynamic perturbations that occur in this endotoxicosis model.

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Accession: 006574995

PMID: 3142697

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