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Temperature sensitive behavior of paramecium caudatum



Temperature sensitive behavior of paramecium caudatum



Journal of Protozoology 24(4): 575-580



The effect of temperature on the behavior of swimming cells of P. caudatum was investigated by photographic analyses of their tracks in uniform temperature, in temperature gradient, or in temperature changing with time. When the cells were placed in the temperature gradient, the frequency of discontinuous directional changes of cells swimming toward the optimal temperature, the temperature of the culture, was much lower than that of the cells swimming in the opposite direction. This difference in the frequency of directional changes explained the observed accumulation of the cells at the optimal temperature. When the temperature was suddenly changed toward the optimum, a transient decrease of the frequency of directional changes was observed and when the temperature was changed in the reverse direction, a transient increase of the frequency was noted. This transient response to the temperature change was the origin of the dependence of the frequency of directional changes on the swimming direction in the temperature gradient. The relation between the magnitude of the transient response and the rate of the temperature change was derived.

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Accession: 006585313

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DOI: 10.1111/j.1550-7408.1977.tb01018.x


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