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The chromosomal locations in wheat of genes conferring differential response to the wild oat herbicide difenzoquat






Journal of Agricultural Science 108(3): 543-548

The chromosomal locations in wheat of genes conferring differential response to the wild oat herbicide difenzoquat

F2 monosomic analysis involving crosses between the monosomic series of a resistant wheat variety. Chinese Spring, and a susceptible variety. Sicco, has located a major gene locus, designated Dfq1, on chromosome 2B of wheat which determines the differential response to these varieties to treatment with the wild oat herbicide, difenzoquat. The allele from Chinese Spring conferring resistance is dominant and studies of the responses of Chinese Spring single chromosome substitution lines and nullisonic-tetrasomic lines for chromosome 2B indicate that this allele actively promotes resistance to the herbicide. It is suggested that this gene may prevent inhibition of DNA synthesis in the apical meristem, which is the site of action of the herbicide (Pallett and Caseley, 1980). Other chromosomes were also implicated as carrying 'modifier genes' which affect the ratio of resistant:susceptible plants in F2 monosomic families, namely 1D, 2D, 3A, 3B, 5B and 5D. These chromsomes may affect the retention and translocation of the herbicide to the target site and hence the threshold of response. The simple inheritance of difenzoquat resistance indicates that it should be easy by conventional breeding techniques to transfer the resistance into susceptible varieties.

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Accession: 006614667

DOI: 10.1017/s0021859600079922



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