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The content and chemical forms of heavy metals in the river sediments of the krakow area poland the role of clay minerals



The content and chemical forms of heavy metals in the river sediments of the krakow area poland the role of clay minerals



Environmental Technology Letters 4(12): 515-520



The content of heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Zn, Cu, Cr, Ni, Mn and Fe), the grain size distribution and the mineralogical composition was estimated in the bottom sediments of the Vistula and its tributaries, the Rudawa and Wilga Rivers [Poland]. The concentration of metals was variable, depending on the grain size and mineralogical composition, and primarily on the sampling locality. A few samples were subjected to selective chemical extraction to establish the chemical associations of some heavy metals. According to the type of chemical forms, these metals were divided into 2 groups: ones showing relatively high mobility (Cd, Zn, Mn) and metals more strongly bonded to sediment particles (Cr, Cu, Pb, Fe, Ni).

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