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The diagnosis of brain damage by the wais wms and reitan battery utilizing standardized scores corrected for age and education

, : The diagnosis of brain damage by the wais wms and reitan battery utilizing standardized scores corrected for age and education. International Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology 9(1): 11-28

This study was undertaken for the refinement of psychometric methods commonly used in diagnosing brain damage. The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS), the Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS), and the Category, Tactual Performance, Speech-Sounds Perception, Seashore Rhythm, and Trail Making tests were administered to 118 adults without cerebral lesions and 117 adults suffering from diffuse or focal cerebral lesions with or without dementia or Korsakoff's amnesic syndrome. Tables were constructed for the correction of the scores for age and education (utilizing linear regression) and for the standardization of the scores thus corrected to a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15. The effects of each kind of lesion on individual scores (including a composite score based on five subtests of the Reitan Battery), score profiles, intertest variability and certain standardized discriminant functions and discrepancy scores were evaluated by comparison with the normal sample. Criteria were developed for the interpretation of the scores in differential diagnosis.

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