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Chapter 6,638

The effect of aniline derivatives on absorption of fluid, glucose and sodium in isolated duodenal segments from rats

Diener, M.; Bridges, R.J.; Büch, H.P.

Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 334(4): 531-535

1986


ISSN/ISBN: 0028-1298
PMID: 3821942
DOI: 10.1007/bf00569397
Accession: 006637438

Paracetamol (5-15 mmol .cntdot. l-1), phenacetin (1-3 mmol .cntdot. l-1), and acetanilide (5-20 mmol .cntdot. l-1) enhanced fluid, glucose and sodium absorption of isolated duodenal segments from rats. In a high concentration paracetamol (30 mmol .cntdot. l-1) and acetanilide (25 mmol .cntdot. l-1) inhibited these parameters. The coupling coefficient of 2:1 in sodium-glucose cotransport was not changed under the influence of the aniline derivatives. Phlorizin (10-5 mol .cntdot. l-1) completely abolished the stimulatory effect of these drugs. Also in presence of 3-O-methylglucose instead of glucose in the perfusion medium a paracetamol dependent increase in fluid absorption was seen, whereas the absorption of mannitol was unchanged. The results suggest, that the increase in sodium and fluid absorption caused by aniline derivatives is due to the stimulation of active glucose transport. A cytotoxic effect may explain the decrease of absorption at high concentrations of these substances.

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