The effect of intraduodenal installation of oleic acid on plasma neurotensin-like immunoreactivity and on gastric acid secretion stimulated by betazole and sham feeding in man

Kihl, B.; Rökaeus, A.; Rosell, S.; Olbe, L.

Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 17(5): 633-639


ISSN/ISBN: 0036-5521
PMID: 7178827
Accession: 006646826

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Intraduodenal administration of oleic acid has previously been shown to inhibit gastric acid secretion induced by pentagastrin in man. This inhibition was dose-dependent and significantly correlated to a rise in plasma concentration of neurotensin-like immunoreactivity (NTLI). Maximal inhibition occurrerd with a volume of oleic acid of 20 ml. In the present study intraduodenal instillation of 20 ml of oleic acid inhibited acid secretion evoked by sham feeding in healthy subjects but did not significantly inhibit the near-maximal acid secretion stimulated by the histamine analogue betazole. The inhibition of acid secretion induced by sham feeding was the same (.apprx. 45%) as the inhibition of pentagastrin-stimulated secretion. Plasma NTLI rose significantly in both the sham feeding and betazole experiments and peaked at .apprx. 145 pM. The results are in agreement with the inhibitory characteristics of neurotensin and support the hypothesis that the inhibition of gastric acid secretion by small amounts of intestinal fat is at least partly mediated by neurotensin.