The effects of estrogen and progesterone in vivo on protein synthesis and secretion by cultured epithelial cells from sheep endometrium

Salamonsen, L.A.; Wai, S.O.; Doughton, B.; Findlay, J.K.

Endocrinology 117(5): 2148-2159


ISSN/ISBN: 0013-7227
PMID: 4042979
DOI: 10.1210/endo-117-5-2148
Accession: 006663143

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Ovariectomized ewes were treated with either nothing or implants of estrogen (E), progesterone (P), or E + P. Epithelial and stromal cells from caruncular and intercaruncular regions of sheep endometrium were dispersed by collagenase digestion and enriched by Ficoll gradient separation. Verification of cell types was by electron microscopy, keratin staining (epithelial cells), cell size, and appearance in culture. Epithelial cells were cultured under optimized conditions with [35S]methionine (S-met) and uptake of label by cells and its incorporation into cellular and secreted protein determined. Protein in the medium and lysed cells was analyzed by two-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Cells from E-treated animals had higher S-met uptake and incorporation into proteins (cellular and secreted) than cells from ewes treated with nothing and P-treated animals. E effects were not significantly reduced in the presence of P. When secreted protein was expressed as a percent of total incorporated S-met, P treatment either alone or with E increased the proportion of labeled protein secreted by cells. There were no significant differences between caruncular and intercaruncular. Two-dimensional polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis of secreted proteins showed one major glycoprotein (mol wt, 46,000, isoelectric point, 5.8-6.5) and four minor proteins induced by E + P greater than E, and five minor proteins inhibited by the steroids. Both induction and inhibition of cellular proteins were also apparent, though of lesser magnitude. Overall, whereas E treatment in vivo influenced the rate of incorporation of S-met into proteins by epithelial cells in vitro, P treatment increased the proportion of newly synthesized protein which was secreted. Steroids caused significant alterations in the individual proteins secreted by ovine endometrium.