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The effects of intraspecific and interspecific competition on the survival and growth of stocked juvenile atlantic salmon salmo salar and resident trout salmo trutta in an upland stream



The effects of intraspecific and interspecific competition on the survival and growth of stocked juvenile atlantic salmon salmo salar and resident trout salmo trutta in an upland stream



Journal of Fish Biology 28(4): 479-490



The relative effects of inter- and intra-specific competition on the survival and growth of stocked salmon were investigated in an upland trout stream during summer and winter sampling periods. The stream was divided into two areas by an impassable fish barrier, and trout were removed from the upstream section prior to 2 years of salmon stocking. Salmon fry stocked into the cleared area survived more than twice as well and grew significantly larger than those stocked into the area containing trout and older salmon. Intra-specific competition from older salmon in the second year of stocking in the cleared area significantly reduced the survival and growth of the O+ salmon. However, these were still significantly larger and survived better than those in the control area where inter-specific competition from trout was maintained. Some immigration of trout to the cleared area occurred; these showed greatly enhanced growth rates compared to those in the control area, reflecting low intra-specific trout competition in the former. Inter-specific competition effects of older salmon on both trout fry growth and survival were also detected, although the latter did not become apparent until the winter. This is discussed in terms of the relative importance of biotic and abiotic regulating mechanisms. Evidence of allopatric niche segregation is also discussed, since salmon in the cleared area did not have a biomass equivalent to that in the area which also contained trout.

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Accession: 006664634

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