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The effects of waste gas flares on the surrounding vegetation in southeastern nigeria



The effects of waste gas flares on the surrounding vegetation in southeastern nigeria



Journal of Applied Ecology 13(1): 177-187



Air, soil and leaf temperatures increased and relative humidity of the air decreased within 110 m of 6 flare sites near Port Harcourt in SE Nigeria. Leaf chlorophyll content and internode length of Eupatorium odoratum plants decreased close to the flares. The flowering of the short-day plant, E. odoratum was suppressed in the area of the flares. A bare area, 30-40 m in radius, occurs around the flare stacks. Outside this bare area, the species composition of the vegetation was affected by the flares up to a distance of from 80-100 m from the stacks. The total number of species decreased close to the flares, but the proportion of carpeting and C4 plants increased.

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