+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

The element content of the leaves of tree and shrub species in the city

Botanikai Kozlemenyek 68(1-2): 95-106

The element content of the leaves of tree and shrub species in the city

The content of chemical elements of 13 tree and bush species was investigated in an urban environment (Budapest) and in a control area (Vacratot [Hungary]). The species were: Acer platanoides, Aesculus hippocastanum, Ailanthus glandulosa, Celtis occidentalis, Koelreuteria paniculata, Morus alba, Platanus acerifolia, Robinia pseudoacacia, Rosa rugosa, Sophora japonica, Syringa vulgaris, Thuja orientalis and Tilia tomentosa. Higher N content was demonstrated in the leaves of A. glandulosa, R. pseudoacacia and S. japonica, a higher Ca content in the leaves of C. occidentalis and a relatively higher K content in leaves S. japonica and S. vulgaris. In an urban-industrial environment the leaves of the trees contained certain micro- and ultramicroelements in greater quantities than in the control area. In Budapest, according to the total quantities of the micro- and ultramicroelements, R. rugosa, C. occidentalis, A. glandulosa, T. tomentosa, S. japonica and R. pseudoacacia had relatively higher Fe, Sr, Mn, Pb, Zn and Cu contents. In the leaves of the trees of Budapest, 42 micro- and ultramicroelements were detected, of which 17 were toxic (Bi, Pb, W, La, Ba, Sb, Sn, Ag, Nb, Zr, As, Ga, Zn, Ni, Co and Ti). The greatest numbers of micro- and ultramicroelements were detected in R. rugosa and T. orientalis. Some species were good indicators of metal pollution. For trees to be planted in the city, those species are suitable avenues that do not absorb Cl from the salted roads and that are able to accumulate great quantities of heavy metals present in urban aerosols and soils without exogenous damages, thus to decrease the toxic effects of the pollutants. Urban pollution was tolerated by those trees originating from East Asia (A. glandulosa, K. paniculata and S. japonica) and those from North America (C. occidentalis and R. pseudoacacia).

Accession: 006670572

Related references

Kovacs, M.O.auszky, I1; Podani, J1; Klincsek, P1; Dinka, M., 1981: Element content of the leaves of tree and shrub species in the city Budapest, heavy metal pollution.1. Botanikai kozlemenyek8(1-2): 95-107

Ostrikova, V.M.; Bań≠zhanova, M.K., 1980: Dust-retaining capacity of the leaves of certain tree and shrub species in city air pollution. Gigiena i Sanitariia: 87-88

Iotsova Baurenska, N., 1988: Moisture content in leaves of some tree and shrub species in the Devnia industrial region. Data are presented on the foliar moisture content of Robinia pseudoacacia, Fraxinus ornus, Tilia tomentosa and T. platyphyllos in June and August, 1981 and 1982, on plots 500-600 m and 2.5, 4.5-5 and 13-14 km from a nitrogen fertilizer factory in...

Merakciyska-Nikolova, M.; Kurteva, M.; Delcheva, M.; Paunova, S.; Gecheva, V., 2002: Influence of industrial and urban pollution on the pigment content in the leaves of decorative tree and shrub species. Four tree and two shrub species (Elaeagnus angustifolia L., Acer saccharinum L., Tilia tomentosa Moench, Juglans regia L., Laburnum anagyroides Medic., Ligustrum vulgare L.) have been studied in regions with industrial (Kremikovtzi) and urban poll...

Garmo, T.H., 1999: Mineral content of tree and shrub leaves from indigenous pastures. Leaves of deciduous trees and shrubs play an important role in the nutrition of free-ranging domestic animals in Norway. More than half of the selected diet of goats is often leaves from deciduous trees and shrubs. Browse leaves are also important...

Ramana, D.B.V.; Sultan Singh; Solanki, K.R., 2002: Nutritive value of leaves of some tree and shrub species. The leaves from ten multipurpose tree and shrub species (MPTS) viz. Acacia nilotica subsp. cupressiformis, Anogeissus latifolia, Dalbergia sissoo, Emblica officinalis [Phyllanthus emblica], Ficus religiosa, Madhuca latifolia [Madhuca longifolia],...

Matinkhah, H., 2007: Phenological study of thirty five tree and shrub species in Esfahan city. Despite the importance of phenology and wide applications of phenophases information, few studies were done on the woody species in Iran. This study was conducted to identify and designate the occurrence time and successions of phenophases, phenol...

Jackson, F.S.; Barry, T.N.; Lascano, C.; Palmer, B., 1996: The extractable and bound condensed tannin content of leaves from tropical tree, shrub and forage legumes. The extractable, protein-bound and fibre-bound condensed tannin (CT) concentrations in the leaves of tropical legumes grown in both Colombia and Northern Australia were determined by the butanol-HCl method, whilst extractable CT was also determine...

Masarovicova, E.; Elias, P., 1981: Chlorophyll content in leaves of plants in an oak hornbeam forest 2. shrub species. Chlorophyll (Chl) contents (a, b, a + b) were estimated in 9 shrub spp. [from Cerasus avium, Cornus mas, Crataegus laevigata, Euonymus europaea, E. verrucosa, Hedera helix, Ligustrum vulgare, Sorbus torminalis and Ulmus campestris] growing in a te...

Kruijs, A.C.B.M. van der; Kang, B.T.; Heide, J. van der, 1989: Observations on decomposition rates of leaves of several shrub and tree species applied as mulch under humid tropical conditions. Decomposition rates of leaves of Acioa barterii [A. barteri], Cassia siamea, Flemingia congesta and Gmelina arborea applied as mulch were studied under humid tropical conditions. The rate of breakdown of leaves depended on the species, time of pru...