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The fine structure and histochemistry of human bile duct in obstruction and choledocholithiasis

The fine structure and histochemistry of human bile duct in obstruction and choledocholithiasis

Journal of Pathology 155(1): 49-59

ISSN/ISBN: 0022-3417

PMID: 3379517

DOI: 10.1002/path.1711550109

Biopsies from the common bile ducts from seven patients undergoing surgery for biliary obstruction due to stones or malignancy were studied histochemically and electron microscopically. The surface of the bile duct is lined by a tall epithelium which extends into diverticula. Apically, they contain some neutral and sialated mucosubstances. Fucosyl residues were found in the Golgi apparatus and along the apical cell membrane. The latter is lined by microvilli. There was a well-developed rough endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus and a small number of apical secretory droplets. Large numbers of lipid droplets were present basally in some cells. Lipid-containing macrophages were also seen intra-epithelially and in the lamina propria. This suggests a possible pathway for lipid transport. The glands were lined by cuboidal cells, some containing much mucus--sulphated, sialated, and neutral with a basal nucleus. A well-developed endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus were found with abundant secretory droplets. The glandular epithelium contained lysozyme, alpha-1-antitrypsin, and alpha-1-antichymotrypsin. These may play a protective role. The lamina propria contained scattered smooth muscle cells amongst the fibroblasts and inflammatory cells.

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Accession: 006677347

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