+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

The function of friends in preschoolers' lives at the entrance to the classroom

The function of friends in preschoolers' lives at the entrance to the classroom

Journal of Ethology 6(1): 21-32

The function of friendships and peer attachment in preschoolers' everyday lives is examined from the ethological view point. It is postulated that a child invests time and energy in friends or play partners chosen by him/herself: the child collects informational about the friends and attempts to influence their special behavioural tendencies to his/her own advantage. As a result of this long-term investment, the friends are more predictable, controllable, and cooperative. It is hypothesized that a child uses and benefits from the friends in attempts to reach his/her personal goals. This study examines whether a child benefits from friends in attempts to join in play. Seventeen German [West Germany] preschool children (10 boys and 7 girls) ranging in age from 36 to 79 months were observed on arrival at school on 18 preschool days. When friends were present in the classroom, children first approached peers more often than when friends were not presnt; otherwise they approached the teacher. Friends often actively initiated interaction with arriving children, for example by callng the childs name. Success in joining in play was highest when friends were chosen as the target of the approach. During approaches to friends, tactics were more frequently used which require specific information about the target. However, when friends were playing with nonfriends of the children, benefits such as initiation by the target and the larger range of alternatives in strategies were not observed. The results support the hypothesis that a child uses and benefits from friends. The results further suggest that the relationships of friends with other peers disturb the beneficial effects of friends and that such relationships even increases the costs in interactions with friends.

Accession: 006680373

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1007/bf02348858

Download PDF Full Text: The function of friends in preschoolers' lives at the entrance to the classroom

Related references

Having friends, keeping friends, making friends, and being liked by peers in the classroom: predictors of children's early school adjustment?. Child Development 61(4): 1081-1100, 1990

Preschoolers' understanding of characteristics of their friends' behavior: prediction of friends' behavior and behavioral intention toward friends. Shinrigaku Kenkyu 65(6): 419-427, 1995

Classroom friends and very best friends: a short-term longitudinal analysis of relationship quality. Journal of Genetic Psychology 173(4): 463-469, 2013

The Individualized Classroom Assessment Scoring System (inCLASS): Preliminary Reliability and Validity of a System for Observing Preschoolers' Competence in Classroom Interactions. Early Childhood Research Quarterly 25(1): 1-16, 2010

Social pretend play among friends and familiar preschoolers. International Journal of Behavioral Development 14(4): 411-428, 1991

Lives saved, with a little help from friends. Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 2(2): 109-113, 2015

Classroom Age Composition and Vocabulary Development Among At-Risk Preschoolers. Early Education and Development 25(7): 1016-1034, 2014

Visual Function of Moderately Hyperopic 4- and 5-Year-Old Children in the Vision in Preschoolers - Hyperopia in Preschoolers Study. American Journal of Ophthalmology 170(): 143-152, 2016

Nature-nurture in the classroom: entrance age, school readiness, and learning in children. Developmental Psychology 33(2): 254-262, 1997

Theory of mind and executive function in preschoolers with typical development versus intellectually able preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 44(9): 2341-2354, 2014

The Food Friends Get Movin' with Mighty Moves: a physical activity program for preschoolers. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 45(5): 473-475, 2014

"No-o-o-o Peeking": Preschoolers' Executive Control, Social Competence, and Classroom Adjustment. Journal of Research in Childhood Education 29(2): 212-225, 2015

Role demands in the lives of employed single mothers with preschoolers. Journal of family issues 13(3): 312-333, 1992

Friends in the classroom a comparison between two methods for the assessment of students’ friendship networks. Social Psychology of Education 14(4): 475-488, 2011

Opening up in the classroom: effects of expressive writing on graduate school entrance exam performance. Emotion 11(3): 691-696, 2011