The green hydra hydra viridissima symbiosis 7. conservation of the host cell habitat by the symbiotic algae
Mcauley, P.J.; Smith, D.C.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences 216(1205): 415-426
Freshly isolated European algae phagocytosed by digestive cells of European green hydra were distinguished from the pre-existing population of algae by prestaining with the fluorescent agent calcofluor white. Only a small number of phagocytosed European algae or algae cultured from Paramecium bursaria avoided lysosomal degradation and were transported to the cell base in symbiotic digestive cells, although in aposymbionts up to 50% of phagocytosed algae were tranported. Degradation of almost all phagocytosed algae also occurred in digestive cells of hydra symbiotic with algae cultured from Paramecium. The presence of algae at the bases of digestive cells appears to negate the mechanism by which potentially symbiotic algae normally avoid lysosomal attack. This protects the host cell and its symbionts from invasion by foreign algae and suggests that once established the green hydra symbiosis is conservative in nature.