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The identity of tarsius pumilus a pygmy species endemic to the montane mossy forests of central sulawesi indonesia

, : The identity of tarsius pumilus a pygmy species endemic to the montane mossy forests of central sulawesi indonesia. American Museum Novitates (2867): 1-53

In 1917, Henry C. Raven obtained a small-bodied tarsier from upper montane rain forest in the mountains of Central Sulawesi. Miller and Hollister (1921b) designated the specimen as holotype of Tarsius pumilus, included two others collected from lowland evergreen rain forest, and pointed to small body size as one of the diagnostic specific characters. Subsequent faunal checklists and taxonomic revisions treated pumilus as a subspecies of the widespread Sulawesian Tarsius spectrum until 1985 when Niemitz advocated recognition of specific status for pumilus based upon the original series and recorded vocalizations. But only one of the three specimens discussed by Miller and Hollister is an example of T. pumilus, and the calls said to be those of this species were probably made by T. spectrum. Tarsius pumilus is distinctive, but it is known by only the holotype and a second example from montane forest in Central Sulawesi. The morphological and biogeographical limits of the species based upon these two specimens are documented here. The definition of T. pumilus is set within a context of morphological and geographical comparisons among T. bancanus (Sunda Shelf), T. syrichta (southern Philippine islands), and T. spectrum (Sulawesi and nearby islands); and subsequent comparisons between these three and T. pumilus. Information is provided on habitat and faunal associations of T. pumilus. The species is also contrasted in greater detail with morphology, habitats, and regional as well as altitudinal distributions of T. spectrum. A hypothesis of phylogenetic relationships among the four species of tarsiers is briefly discussed.

Accession: 006689792

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Related references

Musser, GG.; Dagosto, M., 1987: The identity of Tarsius pumilus, a pygmy species endemic to the montane mossy forests of central Sulawesi. American Museum Novitates, 1-53 No. 2867

Maryanto, I..; Yani, M.., 2004: The third record of pygmy tarsier (Tarsius pumilus) from Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Tropical Biodiversity, 82: 79-85

Niemitz, C.; Nietsch, A.; Warter, S.; Rumpler, Y., 1991: Tarsius dianae: a new primate species from central Sulawesi (Indonesia). Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology 56(2): 105-116

Niemitz C.; Nietsch A.; Warter S.; Rumpler Y., 1991: Tarsius dianae new species a new primate species from central sulawesi indonesia. Folia Primatologica 56(2): 105-116

Purbopuspito, J.; Veldkamp, E.; Brumme, R.; Murdiyarso, D., 2006: Trace gas fluxes and nitrogen cycling along an elevation sequence of tropical montane forests in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Studies on soil-atmosphere flux of N< sub>2</ sub>O, NO and CH< sub>4</ sub> in tropical forests have mainly focused on tropical lowland forests. Here we present the first intensive study of trace gas fluxes along an elevat...

Durden L.A.; Musser G.G., 1991: A new species of sucking louse insecta anoplura from a montane forest rat in central sulawesi and a preliminary interpretation of the sucking louse fauna of sulawesi indonesia. Hoplopleura traubi, a new species of hoplopleurid sucking louse collected from the murine rodent, Maxomys wattsi, is described. The louse and its host are known only from montane forest on Gunung (Mount) Tambusisi ('S,

Klotz, W.; Von Rintelen, K., 2015: Three new species of Caridina (Decapoda: Atyidae) from Central Sulawesi and Buton Island, Indonesia, and a checklist of the islands' endemic species. Three atyid shrimp species of the genus Caridina Milne Edwards, 1837, Caridina boehmei n. sp., C. laroeha and C. butonensis n. sp., are described from the Indonesian islands Sulawesi and Buton. Caridina boehinei n. sp. differs from its apparently...

Tremble, M..; Muskita, Y..; Supriatna, J.., 1993: Field observations of Tarsius dianae at Lore Lindu National Park, central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Tropical Biodiversity. January; 12: 67-76

Merker, S.; Yustian, I., 2007: Habitat use analysis of Dian's tarsier (Tarsius dianae) in a mixed-species plantation in Sulawesi, Indonesia. To investigate the importance of mixed-species plantations as a potential habitat for small arboreal primates, we radio-tracked six Dian’s tarsiers (Tarsius dianae) in such an area in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, and explored their selectivity f...

Grow, N.; Gursky, S.; Duma, Y., 2013: Altitude and forest edges influence the density and distribution of pygmy tarsiers (Tarsius pumilus). In this study, we examine how high-altitude ecology and anthropogenic edges relate to the density and distribution of pygmy tarsiers. Pygmy tarsiers (Tarsius pumilus) are extremely small-bodied primates (55 g) that are endemic to high-altitude for...