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The lopressor intervention trial multicenter study of metoprolol in survivors of acute myocardial infarction

, : The lopressor intervention trial multicenter study of metoprolol in survivors of acute myocardial infarction. European Heart Journal 8(10): 1056-1064

The Lopressor Intervention Trial (LIT) was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicentre study designed to evaluate the effect of oral metoprolol on overall mortality in patients surviving a recent acute myocardial infarction. Patient enrollment began in August 1979 and ended on 15 April 1982, with 2395 patients (1200 on placebo and 1195 on metoprolol). Hospitalized patients, 45 to 74 years of age, began therapy from 6 to 16 days after their myocardial infarction. Following a short titration period, maintenance therapy with metoprolol 100 mg b.i.d. or placebo was continued for up to 1 year. Enrollment was prematurely terminated because of a progressive and marked decline in patient accession; it was not feasible to reach the original goal of 3200 patients in a practical period of time. This target sample size was based on an anticipated 1 year placebo mortality rate of 10%, a 50% reduction in total mortality with metoprolol and premature discontinuation of study medication in no more than 15% of patients in the metoprolol group. Two primary analyses were planned: total mortality among all randomized patients at 7 and 12 months of trial entry. After 7 months of treatment there were 54 deaths in the placebo group and 42 deaths in the metoprolol group. After 1 year there were 62 deaths in the placebo group and 65 in the metoprolol group. Thus, the 1 year placebo mortality rate of 5.2% was half that predicted at the outset. In addition, study medication was prematurely discontinued in over 30% of patients in the metoprolol group. At termination, the power of the study was found to be too low to reliably detect the mortality reduction reported recently by other studies. Hence the results of LIT are deemed inconclusive.

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