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The lower permian insects of kansas usa part 12 protorthoptera continued neuroptera additional palaeodictyoptera and families of uncertain position


, : The lower permian insects of kansas usa part 12 protorthoptera continued neuroptera additional palaeodictyoptera and families of uncertain position. Psyche (Cambridge) 83(3-4): 336-378

Taxa are described within the order Protorthoptera. NUGONIONEURIDAE fam. nov. is known only from the type genus [Nugonioneura Tillyard]. Within the Tococladidae are OPISTHOCLADUS arcuatus gen. et sp. nov., whose remains consist of a single forewing that lacks the apical quarter and O. strictus sp. nov. based on a nearly complete forewing. PSOROPTERIDAE fam. nov. is based on PSOROPTERA cubitalia gen. et sp. nov., which has a well preserved forewing. HETEROPTILIDAE fam. nov. is based on Heteroptilon costale gen. et sp. nov. which also has a well preserved forewing. Within the order Palaeodictyoptera is ELMOBORIIDAE fam. nov. with ELMOBORIA piperi gen. et sp. nov. based on a forewing. The genus Oboria Kukalova is transferred from Spilapteridae to Elmoboriidae. Within the order Neuroptera, Permithonidae, is ELMOTHONE martynovae gen. et sp. nov. described from a forewing. It appears closely related to Permithonopsis and Permegalomus. These specimens were about 1/2 the size of existing members of Ithonidae. There are several families of uncertain ordinal position (incertae sedis). In TRACHOPTERYGIDAE fam. nov., TRACHOPTERYX martynovi gen. et sp. nov. is described from a forewing. Permembiidae is further described and discussed. The APHELONEURIDAE fam. nov. is described from APHELONEURA minutissima gen. et sp. nov. wings, antenna and body parts. It is very small with fore and hind wings similar in both size and venation. A. amplia sp. nov. is described from a forewing. GELASOPTERIDAE fam. nov., GELASOPTERON gracile gen. et sp. nov. is described from a nearly complete forewing plus fragments of wings and thoracic and abdominal parts. Permoneuridae is removed from the order Palaeodictyoptera and placed in the category, incertae sedis.

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Related references

Carpenter, FM., 1977: The Lower Permian insects of Kansas. Part 12. Protorthoptera (continued), Neuroptera, additional Palaeodictyoptera, and families of uncertain position. Psyche (Cambridge). 1976 ; 833-4: 336-376

Carpenter, Fm, 1976: The Lower Permian insects of Kansas. 12. Protorthoptera (continued), Neuroptera, additional Palaeodictyoptera, and families of uncertain position. Psyche 83 (3 4) 336-376

Carpenter Frank Morton, 1943: Lower Permian insects of Kansas; Part 9, The orders Neuroptera, Raphidiodea, Caloneurodea and Protorthoptera (Probnisidae), with additional Protodonata and Megasecoptera. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 75(2): 55-84

Carpenter, F.M., 1943: The lower Permian insects of Kansas. Part 9. The orders Neuroptera, Raphidiodea, Caloneurodea and Protorthoptera (Probnisidae), with additional Protodonata and Megasecoptera. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences Boston, 75: 55-84

Carpenter, Frank M., 1943: The Lower Permian insects of Kansas IX The orders Neuroptera, Raphidiodea, Calo-neurodea and Protorthoptera , with additional Protodonata and Megasecoptera. 14 spp. from the Elmo limestone are descr. and figured, the Caloneurodea from collections at the Peabody Museum of Yale Univ., and at the Museum of Comparative Zoology of Harvard Univ., the others from the latter collection only. Within the variou...

Tillyard, R.J., 1937: Kansas Permian insects; Part 17, The order Megasecoptera and additions to the Palaeodictyoptera, Odonata, Protoperlaria, Copeognatha, and Neuroptera. American Journal of Science s5 33(194): 81-110

Carpenter, F.M., 1966: The Lower Permian insects of Kansas. Part 11. The orders Protorthoptera and Orthoptera. Psyche Cambridge, 73: 46-88

Carpenter Frank Morton, 1950: The Lower Permian insects of Kansas; Part 10, The order Protorthoptera, the family Liomopteridae and its relatives. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences: , Pages 185-219. 1950.

Carpenter, F.M., 1931: The lower Permian insects of Kansas. Part 2, The orders Palaeodictyoptera, Protodonata and Odonata. American Journal of Science, 21(5): 97-139

Carpenter, F.M., 1931: The Lower Permian insects of Kansas. Part 4. The Order Hemiptera, and additions to the Palaeodictyoptera and Protohy. menoptera. American Journal of Science, 22(5): 113-130