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The lymphatic drainage of the lung in lower mammals and in a lower monkey


, : The lymphatic drainage of the lung in lower mammals and in a lower monkey. Tokyo Jikeikai Medical Journal 96(6): 1164-1176

The lymphatic drainage of the lung in moles, bats and tupaiids was investigated comparative anatomically. In moles, lymph nodes [Ln.] participating in the lymphatic system of the lung were Ln. tracheobronchialis superior dexter et sinister (tracheobronchial node) and Ln. mediastinalis anterior superior dexter (mediastinal node). The lymphatic vessels from the lung drained into the vein near the right venous angle, after passing the right or left tracheobronchial node and the right mediastinal node one after another. In bats, in 4 of 5 cases in the left side, the lymphatic vessels from the left superior lobe passed the left tracheobronchial node and the left mediastinal node successively, and finally opened into the left brachiocephalic vein. In all 5 cases in the right and in 1 case in the left, the vessels from the left inferior lobe and the right superior and inferior lobes were received by the right tracheobronchial node, and its efferent vessel drained into the right brachiocephalic vein (4 cases) or into the right thoracic duct (2 cases). In tupaiids, a common tracheobronchial node, Ln. arcus aortae, Ln. paratrachealis dexter et sinister (paratracheal node) and the lateral and medial mediastinal nodes in the right side formed part of the lymphatic system of the lung. The draining pattern is as follows: the lymphatic vessels from the right superior, middle and inferior lobes and those from the left inferior lobe passed the right lateral mediastinal node and drained into the vein near the right venous angle. The vessels from the left superior lobe passed Ln. arcus aortae and drained into the thoracic duct. The tracheobronchial node, which received the vessels from the lobes of both lungs gave off the efferent vessels in 2 directions. One was the vessel to the right venous angle and the other was that to the thoracic duct.

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