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The lymphatic system of the primates 1. findings in tupaias

, : The lymphatic system of the primates 1. findings in tupaias. Jikeikai Medical Journal 31(4): 411-434

Tupais belonging to the prosimiae (7 males and 4 females) were used to reveal the fundamental structure of the lymphatic system. For this purpose, Indian-ink was injected s.c. or subserously. Concerning the lymphatic trunks, the jugular, the subclavian and the lumbar trunks were well established. But the intestinal trunk was incomplete in this species. The frequency of appearance of the bronchomediastinal trunk was low in the higher primates including humans; it was 100% on the right side in this species. Lymphatic vessels which entered the lymphatic trunk or the vein without passing through the intervening lymph node were seen in various places. Some of vessels from the diaphragm and the intercostal wall directly entered the thoracic duct. The vessels from the kidney directly entered the lumbar trunk in case the renal lymph node was absent. The vessels from the testis or the ovary occasionally entered the lumbar trunk without passing through a lymph node.

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