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The macro micro anatomy of the vessels of the skin flap in the fronto parieto temporal region


, : The macro micro anatomy of the vessels of the skin flap in the fronto parieto temporal region. Jiepou Xuebao 17(2): 119-126

The vessels of the skin flap in the fronto-parieto-temporal region were studied by way of injecting 10% ethyl acetate dye into the artery of 25 Chinese adult cadavers. The main arterial supply in this region is the superficial temporal artery. In addition, the posterior auricular, supraorbital and supratrochlear arteries distribute over this region as well. The superficial temporal artery is the largest scalp artery. The area distributed by this artery amounts to 57.38 .+-. 6.05% of the whole scalp. The frontal and parietal branches are the terminal branches of the superficial temporal artery. The former is a constant branch in our cases. It is a dominant vessel of which both the distributing area and the caliber are larger than the parietal branch. The superficial temporal vein is mainly formed by the union of a frontal and a parietal venous branches, which approximately accompany the corresponding branches of the artery. The arteries in the fronto-parieto-temporal region form rich anastomoses at the median area of the vertex. The large anastomoses channels were counted in this study. These channels have anatomically provided for the designing of a superlong flap which run across the median zone. The forehead flap with the frontal branch as the pedicle artery and the scalp flap with the parietal branch as the pedicle artery were discussed.

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