+ Translate

The macroinvertebrates in a sewage polluted aquifer

, : The macroinvertebrates in a sewage polluted aquifer. Hydrobiologia 119(3): 161-170

The macroinvertebrate fauna in a polluted alluvial gravel aquifer downstream of a sewage irrigation area at Templeton, New Zealand, was surveyed using an existing array of unpumped wells. Three crustacean species, Phreatoicus typicus, Phreatogrammarus fragilis and Paracrangonyx compactus accounted for 98% of the organisms present. The remainder consisted of turbellarian and oligochaete worms and 2 further crustacean taxa: Paraleptamphopus subterraneus and a new species of the genus Paracrangonyx [not described]. Smaller invertebrates found included juveniles of the macroinvertebrate Crustacea and a new amphipod genus and species [not described]. Mean population density and dry weight biomass estimates for the 3 principal crustacean species in the groundwater underlying the disposal area were, respectively, 192 m-2 and 0.43 g m-2 for P. typicus, 55 m-2 and 0.16 g m-2 for P. fragilis, and 18 m-2 and 0.04 g m-2 for P. compactus. Approximately 10% of the crustacean specimens tested contained coliform bacteria and had apparently been feeding on sewage-derived material. The organisms tended to be more abundant in the more polluted wells but incidents of heavy contamination caused high mortality rates. Some calculations using energetics data from surface water studies suggested that the standing crop of aquifer macroinvertebrates could play a significant role in the consumption of sewage-derived organic matter reaching the phreatic zone beneath the Templeton site.

(PDF 0-2 workdays service)

Accession: 006712747

Submit PDF Full Text: Here

Submit PDF Full Text

No spam - Every submission is manually reviewed

Due to poor quality, we do not accept files from Researchgate

Submitted PDF Full Texts will always be free for everyone
(We only charge for PDFs that we need to acquire)

Select a PDF file:

Related references

Malard, F.; Reygrobellet, J.L.uis; Winiarski, T., 1997: Physico-chemical and biological dynamics of a sewage-polluted limestone aquifer. Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie 82(4): 507-523

Malard Florian; Chapuis Renaud, 1995: Temperature logging to describe the movement of sewage-polluted surface water infiltrating into a fractured rock aquifer. In 1992-1993, temperature logs were used to study the movement of sewage-polluted surface water infiltrating into the fractured limestone of an experimental site located in the south-eastern part of the Lez Basin (Southern France). The wells inves...

Anonymous, 1953: Microbiological control of sewage and sewage-polluted waters A new technique for demonstrating sulfite-reducing anaerobes in sewage

Mccoy, J.H., 1963: Salmonellae In Crude Sewage, Sewage Effluent And Sewage-Polluted Natural Waters. Air and Water Pollution 7: 597-611

Magaritz M.; Amiel A.J.; Ronen D.; Wells M.C., 1990: Distribution of metals in a polluted aquifer a comparison of aquifer suspended material to fine sediments of the adjacent environment. Metal concentrations were determined for groundwater suspended matter from a site in the coastal aquifer of Israel which had been irrigated with secondary sewage effluents since the 1960's. Suspended matter was collected from the aquifer satu...

Cooke, W.B., 1963: A laboratory guide to fungi in polluted waters, sewage, and sewage treatment systems. Techniques are described for the collection of samples of sewage etc, and the culturing of various filamentous fungi and yeasts. Notes are given on the identification of water moulds, soil fungi, and yeasts, together with keys, and 116 are describ...

Havelaar, A.H.; Hogeboom, W.M., 1983: Factors affecting the enumeration of coliphages in sewage and sewage-polluted waters. The count of coliphages in naturally polluted waters was found to be dependent on many experimental factors. If Escherichia coli C was used as a host strain, consistently higher counts were obtained than with other strains (B,K-12-derivatives). Th...

Bozko, L., 1959: A method for the bacteriological analysis of sewage and surface water polluted by sewage. Acta Microbiologica Polonica 8: 33-34

Winslow, C.E.; Hunnewell, M.P., 1902: Streptococci Characteristic Of Sewage And Sewage-Polluted Waters Apparently Not Hitherto Reported In America. Science 15(386): 827-829

Just, J.; Cabejszek, I.; Zieminska, S., 1959: Present state of scientific studies on the microbiology of sewage and surface water polluted by the sewage. Acta Microbiologica Polonica 8: 7-20