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The management of acaricide resistance in the cattle tick boophilus microplus acari ixodidae in australia



The management of acaricide resistance in the cattle tick boophilus microplus acari ixodidae in australia



Bulletin of Entomological Research 69(3): 519-537



An analysis using mathematical models is presented of ecological, genetic and economic factors that determine optimal strategies for the long-term use of chemical control of B. microplus (Can.) on cattle. Control of the tick in south-eastern Queensland is considered, but the approach is applicable in any other geographical area. Optimal strategies take into account the need to delay development of resistance to acaricides. Suggested strategies involve the use of tick-resistant Zebu-type cattle as a basis for tick control. High concentrations of acaricides are recommended to reduce selection of resistant ticks. Careful timing and moderation in the use of acaricides is also recommended to minimize the number of occasions on which resistant ticks are subjected to selection at times when they can successfully reproduce. As the spread of resistance is thought to occur primarily on moving cattle and before resistance is evident, stringent quarantine measures may slow down the spread.

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Accession: 006713405

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