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The modulation of expression of polypeptide surface antigens on developing schistosomula of Schistosoma mansoni



The modulation of expression of polypeptide surface antigens on developing schistosomula of Schistosoma mansoni



Journal of Immunology 133(5): 2725-2730



Five low m.w. polypeptide antigens are expressed on the surface of freshly transformed schistosomula of Schistosoma mansoni, and were reproducibly identified by surface labeling with 125I by using IODOGEN and immunoprecipitating with immune mouse sera. These molecules have approximate m.w. of 38,000, 32,000, 20,000, 17,000, and 15,000. They correspond to antigens recognized previously by lactoperoxidase-catalyzed iodination. Analysis of the surface of developing schistosomulum demonstrated that the 38,000 and 17,000 dalton antigens were lost from the parasite surface during 48 hr of in vitro culture. This process was not dependent on the presence of host serum. The two antigens were not lost due to shedding into the culture medium but were apparently sequestered to a site where they were no longer available for surface labeling. The 32,000, 20,000, and 15,000 dalton antigens, however, remained exposed on the schistosomulum surface for up to 2 days of in vitro culture. The expression of two new antigens was also induced by culture in vitro: a doublet of approximately 45,000 daltons and an antigen of approximately 11,000 daltons. The expression of the former was dependent on the presence of serum. These results demonstrate that the development of the schistosomula surface is a complex process, with events both dependent and independent of the presence of serum. In addition, the expression of polypeptide antigens is not coordinated, and antigens are lost, retained, or appear on the schistosomulum surface during the early stages of maturation.

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Accession: 006719698

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PMID: 6481169



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