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The openings of the central canal in the filum terminale internum of some mammals

, : The openings of the central canal in the filum terminale internum of some mammals. Journal of Neurocytology 5(5): 531-544

Openings of the central canal in the filum terminale internum of the rabbit, guinea pig and rat were studied by light microscopy and EM. There were 2 openings in the rabbit, 2 or 3 in the guinea pig and 1 in the rat. They opened dorsally and were of 2 types; 1 type was without a pial covering, the other with a pial covering. In both types, a focal junctional apparatus associated with increased density of the subjacent cytoplasm was observed between the pial cell and the ependymal cell at the margins of the opening, where the basal lamina on the surface of the filum terminale showed a characteristic ending for each species. Injections of india ink into the lateral ventricle of the brain indicated that the CSF of the ventricular system drains out of the central canal by way of these openings, into the subarachnoid space. Reissner's fiber of the rabbit and rat consisted of a mass of moderately electron dense fibrous material containing many small vesicles in the central canal of the filum terminale. This mass passed through the openings into the subarachnoid space and continued into the subdural space.

Accession: 006728396

PMID: 978229

DOI: 10.1007/bf01175567

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Related references

Kamalian, N.; Abbassioun, K.; Amirjamshidi, A.; Shams-Shahrabadi, M., 1987: Paraganglioma of the filum terminale internum. Report of a case and review of the literature. A case of paraganglioma of the filum terminale is presented where normal sympathetic ganglion cells were seen in conjunction with tumour cells in a well-encapsulated tumour, suggesting a possible origin from heterotopic sympathetic ganglion.

Murthy, V.S.; Deshpande, D.H., 1980: The central canal of the filum terminale in communicating hydrocephalus. Lumbar thecoperitoneal shunting was carried out in patients with communicating hydrocephalus due to long-standing tuberculous meningitis. At the time of this surgical procedure, the filum terminale was excised to achieve filum terminostomy. The ce...

Sakata, M.; Yashika, K.; Hashimoto, P.H., 1993: Caudal aperture of the central canal at the filum terminale in primates. An aperture has been observed in the central canal at the filum terminale in some lower vertebrates and some mammals but not in the human. We examined 8 human spinal cords and 2 macaque monkey spinal cords and detected a caudal aperture in both hu...

Mitro, A.; Gallatz, K.; Palkovits, M.; Kiss, A., 2013: Ependymal cells variations in the central canal of the rat spinal cord filum terminale: an ultrastructural investigation. The ependymal cells, considered today as an active participant in neuroendocrine functions, were investigated by electron microscopy in the central canal of the lowest spinal cord, the filum terminale (FT), in adult rats. In this area of the spina...

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Hendson, G.; Dunham, C.; Steinbok, P., 2016: Histopathology of the filum terminale in children with and without tethered cord syndrome with attention to the elastic tissue within the filum. To compare histologically transected fila from pediatric patients with tethered cord syndrome (TCS), with and without a low conus, with controls, focusing on collagenous and elastic tissue. Thirty fila from patients with TCS, including 5 where min...

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Sousa, J.; O'Brien, D.; Crooks, D., 2005: Paraganglioma of the filum terminale. Paraganglioma of the filum terminale is rare. The authors report a case of paraganglioma of the filum terminale presenting with paraparesis on a background of spastic quadriparesis. The clinical presentation, radiological findings and current lite...