+ Translate

The prevalence and determinants of nutritional changes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

, : The prevalence and determinants of nutritional changes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Chest 86(4): 558-563

Sixty outpatients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease underwent nutritional, physiologic, and psychologic evaluation to determine the prevalence of nutritional depletion and the relationship to physiologic and psychologic factors. Weight loss was reported in 27 percent. Triceps skinfolds (TSF) were less than 60 percent of standard in 33 percent, none had mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC) less than 60 percent of standard, and 5 percent had body weight (BW) less than 60 percent of ideal. Values for BW-percent of ideal, TSF-percent of standard, and MAMC-percent of standard were inversely correlated with the percent of estimated caloric expenditure ingested. Also, BW percent was correlated with FEV1 percent predicted, diffusion capacity percent predicted, and oxygen consumption/kg at rest (VO2 percent/kg). There were five variables that explained 62.6 percent of the variation in BW percent: VO2/kg at rest explained 22.2 percent; ventilatory equivalent 13.5 percent; PaCO2 9.8 percent; log vital capacity percent predicted 9.2 percent; and depression 7.8 percent. It is concluded that increased caloric utilization without adequate compensation in dietary intake is the reason for nutritional depletion.

(PDF same-day service: $19.90)

Accession: 006740138

PMID: 6478894

DOI: 10.1378/chest.86.4.558

Submit PDF Full Text: Here

Submit PDF Full Text

No spam - Every submission is manually reviewed

Due to poor quality, we do not accept files from Researchgate

Submitted PDF Full Texts will always be free for everyone
(We only charge for PDFs that we need to acquire)

Select a PDF file:

Related references

Alam, D.S.; Chowdhury, M.Ah.; Siddiquee, A.T.; Ahmed, S.; Clemens, J.D., 2016: Prevalence and Determinants of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in Bangladesh. There is a paucity of population-based data on COPD prevalence and its determinants in Bangladesh. To measure COPD prevalence and socioeconomic and lifestyle determinants among ≥40 years Bangladeshi adults. In a cross-sectional study, we measure...

Braun S.; Dixon R.; Keim N.; Clagnaz P.; Anderegg A.; Shrago E., 1984: Physiologic and psychologic determinants of nutritional abnormalities in an out patient chronic obstructive pulmonary disease population. Chest 85(SUPPL 6): 69S-70S

Wouters, E.F.; Schols, A.M., 1993: Prevalence and pathophysiology of nutritional depletion in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Respiratory Medicine 87 Suppl B: 45-47

Choi, S.Mi.; Lee, J.; Park, Y.Sik.; Lee, C-Hoon.; Lee, S-Min.; Yim, J-Joon.; Kim, Y.Whan.; Han, S.Koo.; Yoo, C-Gyu., 2016: Prevalence and global initiative for chronic obstructive lung disease group distribution of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease detected by preoperative pulmonary function test. Despite being a major public health problem, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains underdiagnosed, and only 2.4% COPD patients are aware of their disease in Korea. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of COPD d...

Pefura-Yone, E.Walter.; Fodjeu, G.; Kengne, Aé.Pascal.; Roche, N.; Kuaban, C., 2015: Prevalence and determinants of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in HIV infected patients in an African country with low level of tobacco smoking. Little is known on the association between HIV infection and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in sub-Saharan Africa. We assessed the prevalence and investigated the determinants of COPD according to HIV status in a reference centre for...

KalagoudaMahishale, V.; Angadi, N.; Metgudmath, V.; Lolly, M.; Eti, A.; Khan, S., 2016: The Prevalence of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and the Determinants of Underdiagnosis in Women Exposed to Biomass Fuel in India- a Cross Section Study. Tobacco smoking has been established as a major risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in women of developing countries, but emerging evidence suggests that biomass fuel is an important risk factor as well. The primary object...

Lambert, J.R.; Tai, E.; Strauss, B.; Blackwell, L.; Manolitsas, N.; Marks, S.; Bainbridge, R.; Stroud, D.; Wahlqvist, M.L., 1998: Nutritional and pulmonary function assessment in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Effects of nutritional supplementation. Oral supplementation of a liquid soya-based protein hydrolysate in malnourished chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients (BMI <=20) over a 6-week period increased body weight, body water and muscle mass, but not total body nitrogen...

Dal Negro, R.W.; Bonadiman, L.; Tognella, S.; Bricolo, F.P.; Turco, P., 2015: Extent and prevalence of cognitive dysfunction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic non-obstructive bronchitis, and in asymptomatic smokers, compared to normal reference values. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can affect cognition. The effects of other less severe chronic airway disorders on cognition remain to be clarified. This study aimed to measure and compare cognitive deterioration in subjects with COPD...

Sharifi, H.; Masjedi, M.Reza.; Emami, H.; Ghanei, M.; Eslaminejad, A.; Radmand, G.; Buist, S., 2015: Burden of obstructive lung disease study in Tehran: Prevalence and risk factors of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was ranked the sixth-most common cause of death worldwide in 1990, but now it is the third-most common cause. The goal of the present study was to assess the prevalence and determine the causes and risk...

Bárbara, C.; Rodrigues, F.; Dias, H.; Cardoso, J.; Almeida, J.; Matos, M.J.; Simão, P.; Santos, M.; Ferreira, J.R.; Gaspar, M., 2013: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease prevalence in Lisbon, Portugal The burden of obstructive lung disease study. There is a great heterogeneity in the prevalence of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) across the world. The Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) initiative was started to measure the prevalence of COPD in a standardized way. We aim...