EurekaMag.com logo
+ Site Statistics
References:
52,725,316
Abstracts:
28,411,598
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

The prevalence and determinants of nutritional changes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease


Chest 86(4): 558-563
The prevalence and determinants of nutritional changes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Sixty outpatients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease underwent nutritional, physiologic, and psychologic evaluation to determine the prevalence of nutritional depletion and the relationship to physiologic and psychologic factors. Weight loss was reported in 27 percent. Triceps skinfolds (TSF) were less than 60 percent of standard in 33 percent, none had mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC) less than 60 percent of standard, and 5 percent had body weight (BW) less than 60 percent of ideal. Values for BW-percent of ideal, TSF-percent of standard, and MAMC-percent of standard were inversely correlated with the percent of estimated caloric expenditure ingested. Also, BW percent was correlated with FEV1 percent predicted, diffusion capacity percent predicted, and oxygen consumption/kg at rest (VO2 percent/kg). There were five variables that explained 62.6 percent of the variation in BW percent: VO2/kg at rest explained 22.2 percent; ventilatory equivalent 13.5 percent; PaCO2 9.8 percent; log vital capacity percent predicted 9.2 percent; and depression 7.8 percent. It is concluded that increased caloric utilization without adequate compensation in dietary intake is the reason for nutritional depletion.


Accession: 006740138

PMID: 6478894

DOI: 10.1378/chest.86.4.558



Related references

Prevalence and Determinants of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in Bangladesh. Copd 12(6): 658-667, 2016

Physiologic and psychologic determinants of nutritional abnormalities in an out patient chronic obstructive pulmonary disease population. Chest 85(SUPPL 6): 69S-70S, 1984

Prevalence and pathophysiology of nutritional depletion in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Respiratory Medicine 87 Suppl B: 45-47, 1993

Prevalence and global initiative for chronic obstructive lung disease group distribution of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease detected by preoperative pulmonary function test. Plos One 10(1): E0115787-E0115787, 2016

Prevalence and determinants of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in HIV infected patients in an African country with low level of tobacco smoking. Respiratory Medicine 109(2): 247-254, 2015

The Prevalence of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and the Determinants of Underdiagnosis in Women Exposed to Biomass Fuel in India- a Cross Section Study. Chonnam Medical Journal 52(2): 117-122, 2016

Nutritional and pulmonary function assessment in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Effects of nutritional supplementation. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 7(1): 88-93, 1998

Extent and prevalence of cognitive dysfunction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic non-obstructive bronchitis, and in asymptomatic smokers, compared to normal reference values. International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 9(): 675-683, 2015

Burden of obstructive lung disease study in Tehran: Prevalence and risk factors of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Lung India 32(6): 572-577, 2015

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease prevalence in Lisbon, Portugal The burden of obstructive lung disease study. Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia (English Edition) 19(3): 96-105, 2013