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The prevalence of hepatitis b antigen and antibody in hospital personnel

, : The prevalence of hepatitis b antigen and antibody in hospital personnel. Igiene Moderna 76(3): 521-530

The prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen and anti-hepatitis B surface antigen antibodies in the staff of the Istituto Nazionale per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori of Milan (INT) [Italy] was determined with reference to various nosocomial risk factors. Age, sex, residence before employment, history of past clinical hepatitis, surgery, blood transfusions, which are all known to be possible interfering factors, were considered. The time of employment in INT for the employees who have worked only in this hospital and frequent contacts with blood are 2 important risk factors in acquiring hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Contacts with patients and past employment in hospitals other than INT did not change serological evidence of HBV infection. A higher HBV infection rate among medical staff, nurses and other hospital workers, after exclusion of employees with frequent contacts with blood and history of past clinical hepatitis, was not found.

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