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The prevalence of hereditary dental abnormalities in school children


, : The prevalence of hereditary dental abnormalities in school children. Acta Stomatologica Croatica 21(2): 115-122

The aim of this study was to find the prevalence of particular dental anomalies in a population of school children from the area of Celje. This parameter has been found to vary among various population and ethnic groups, thus representing a population-specific feature. A group of 513 children were examined for abnormalities in the number, form and size of teeth, such as hypodontia, microdontia, hyperdontia, Carabelli's trait, dental invagination, shovel-shaped incisors, paramolar nodules and position anomalies, e. g. diastema mediana. In our study population, Carabelli's trait was found to be most frequent (25.9%), followed by tooth invagination (14.8%) and diastema mediana (12.6%), whereas hypodontia and microdontia were recorded in 2.9% and 3.3% of the population, respectively. Other anomalies were quite infrequently observed, i.e. in less than 1% of the population under study. No significant sex-related difference in the prevalance of anomalies were detected.

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