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The prevalence of multiple sclerosis in the outer hebrides compared with northeast scotland uk and the orkney and shetland islands


, : The prevalence of multiple sclerosis in the outer hebrides compared with northeast scotland uk and the orkney and shetland islands. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 35(2): 110-113

Multiple sclerosis was reported to have a high prevalence in the Orkney and Shetland Islands and in Caithness in comparison with the highlands of Scotland and the Outer Hebrides, the Western Isles. A survey was undertaken in the Outer Hebrides and 25 probable and 30 probable and possible patients with multiple sclerosis were found. This is an increase from 8 and 11, respectively, found in 1954. The present prevalence rate of 97.3/100,000 for probable and possible multiple sclerosis is not significantly different from that found in a recent study in the Grampian region in northeastern Scotland. Repeated studies in small populations generally show increasing prevalence of multiple sclerosis because some patients are missed in the earlier studies, and over a long period of time there may also be some increase in survival time. This increase was found in the Orkney and Shetland Islands, in northeastern Scotland and in the Outer Hebrides.

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