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The prevalence of multiple sclerosis in the outer hebrides compared with northeast scotland uk and the orkney and shetland islands


, : The prevalence of multiple sclerosis in the outer hebrides compared with northeast scotland uk and the orkney and shetland islands. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 35(2): 110-113

Multiple sclerosis was reported to have a high prevalence in the Orkney and Shetland Islands and in Caithness in comparison with the highlands of Scotland and the Outer Hebrides, the Western Isles. A survey was undertaken in the Outer Hebrides and 25 probable and 30 probable and possible patients with multiple sclerosis were found. This is an increase from 8 and 11, respectively, found in 1954. The present prevalence rate of 97.3/100,000 for probable and possible multiple sclerosis is not significantly different from that found in a recent study in the Grampian region in northeastern Scotland. Repeated studies in small populations generally show increasing prevalence of multiple sclerosis because some patients are missed in the earlier studies, and over a long period of time there may also be some increase in survival time. This increase was found in the Orkney and Shetland Islands, in northeastern Scotland and in the Outer Hebrides.

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Accession: 006740440

PMID: 7299334

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Related references

Dean, G.; Goodall, J.; Downie, A., 1981: The prevalence of multiple sclerosis in the Outer Hebrides compared with north-east Scotland and the Orkney and Shetland Islands. Multiple sclerosis has been reported to have a high prevalence in the Orkney and Shetland Islands and in Caithness in comparison with the highlands of Scotland and the Outer Hebrides-the Western Isles. For this reason a survey was undertaken in th...

Anon, 1981: Multiple sclerosis in the orkney and shetland islands and in northeast scotland uk. British Medical Journal 282(6263): 502-504

Poskanzer, D.C.; Prenney, L.B.; Walker, A.M.; Sheridan, J.L., 1980: Multiple sclerosis in the orkney islands and shetland islands scotland uk 2. the search for an exogenous etiology. In Orkney and Shetland, a survey of lifetime events was undertaken in multiple sclerosis patients and 2 control groups to define shared exposure to an exogenous agent or environmental insult. Analyses of demographic factors, diet, social class and...

Poskanzer, D.C.; Terasaki, P.I.; Prenney, L.B.; Sheridan, J.L.; Park, M.S., 1980: Multiple sclerosis in the orkney islands and shetland islands scotland uk 3. histo compatibility determinants. Histocompatibility testing was performed in 48 multiple sclerosis patients and 2 carefully matched control groups in the Orkney Islands, an area of high multiple sclerosis prevalence. The frequency of HLA-A3, HLA-B7 and DW2 was comparable in patie...

Poskanzer, D.C.; Prenney, L.B.; Sheridan, J.L.; Yon-Kondy, J., 1980: Multiple sclerosis in the orkney islands and shetland islands scotland uk 1. epidemiology clinical factors and methodology. An epidemiological and clinical study of multiple sclerosis (MS) in the Orkney and Shetland Islands showed that the prevalence rate of the disease is the highest in the world (309 and 184/100,000, respectively). The clinical entity is similar to t...

Anonymous, 1980: Multiple sclerosis in the orkney islands and shetland islands scotland uk 6 the effects of migration and social structure

Anonymous, 1981: Multiple sclerosis in the Orkney and Shetland Islands and in north-east Scotland. British Medical Journal 282(6263): 502-504

Poskanzer, D.C.; Sever, J.L.; Terasaki, P.I.; Prenney, L.B.; Sheridan, J.L.; Park, M.S., 1980: Multiple sclerosis in the orkney islands and shetland islands scotland uk 5. the effect on viral titers of histo compatibility determinants. HLA phenotypes were correlated with serum antibody titers to 8 viruses [measles, varicella, herpes simplex types 1 and 2, mumps, rubella, influenza A and cytomegalovirus] in patients with multiple sclerosis and 2 matched control groups in the Orkn...

Wailes, G.H., 1912: Freshwater Rhizopoda from the Hebrides, Orkney and Shetland Islands, and Western Scotland ; with description of a new species. Scottish Naturalist Edinburgh, 59-65 & 141

Poskanzer D.C.; Terasaki P.I.; Park M.S.; Sheridan J.L.; Prenney L.B., 1977: Multiple sclerosis in the orkney and shetland islands part 1 prevalence and tissue antigens. Neurology 27(4): 371-372